A Beginner’s Guide To AI

November 20, 2021

beginner guide to ai

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a hot topic discussed in the software industry right now. Regardless of how long you’ve worked in the field or whether you’re coming to programming from a different discipline, having a solid understanding of AI and Machine Learning can not only help you advance your career but can also broaden your viewpoint about a way to tackle issues, beyond the algorithmic realm.

There are many online materials, frameworks, and experiments to learn about this discipline. You don’t have to be perfect in mathematics or study complex research papers to get started.

Follow the beginners’ guide to artificial intelligence, some courses, tutorials, and in no time; you’ll be up and running. That’s wonderful in theory, but with so many options to explore, it’s simple for a beginner to get lost and spend countless hours researching the subject without really getting anywhere.

This is where this article, “beginner guide to artificial intelligence,” comes in. However, this blog post will explore a beginner’s guide to learning artificial intelligence and many good resources to get started in this fascinating world.

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What Is Artificial Intelligence?

The idea of what makes AI distinct has evolved, although, at its core, there has always been the goal of building intelligent machines that think like humans.

After all, human beings have shown to be uniquely capable of interpreting the world around them and then making a difference based on what they learn. However, to build intelligent machines that could assist the world in performing this more efficiently, it makes sense to start doing this more effectively.

AI, in other words, may be regarded as a form of artificial stimulation of abstract, creative, deductive thought, particularly the ability to learn, utilizing digital, binary logic computers. However, artificial intelligence is:

  • An intelligent entity developed by humans
  • Capable of performing intelligent behavior without explicit instructions
  • Capable of reasoning and acting reasonably and humanely

Artificial Intelligence (AI) is a branch or subfield of computer science that aims to build or replicate human intellect in machines. But, what does it take to make a machine intelligent? Deep learning and machine learning are two types of AI techniques used by many AI systems.

AI has been evolving rapidly for some time, and what was previously considered part of AI is now just looked at as a computer function. A calculator, for example, may have been regarded as a component of AI in the past. But, it is now considered to be an essential operation.

The Evolution of Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence, often called AI, is a field of study that began in 1956 with the word’s originator, John McCarthy. It has grown in importance because of improved data volumes, more complex algorithms, programming, and computer storage and computing power advancements.

AI has been evolving rapidly for some time, and what was previously considered part of AI is now just looked at as a computer function. A calculator, for example, may have been regarded as a component of AI in the past. But, it is now considered to be a rather basic operation.

The following methods are critical to the implementation and building of AI Systems:

Natural Language Processing: Natural language processing, sometimes called NLP, is the study of how computers interact with a natural human language and develop an understanding to take appropriate actions.

Two types of NLP (natural language processing) technologies are speech recognition and synthesis. For example, voice assistants such as Siri, Google Assistant, Amazon’s Alexa, and others are NLP (natural language processing) applications.

Parsing, text recognition, part-of-speech tagging, text mining, machine translation, and information retrieval are just a few of the approaches employed.

Vector Machines: These machines are used to identify data according to a parameter value. The use of differentiation for division is crucial in the application of vector machines. Examples of vector machines are face recognition, text recognition, and image recognition.

Heuristics: Heuristics uses trial-and-error learning processes to encourage people to learn from their mistakes and avoid them. This entails the mapping of errors and corrections, similar to a human brain.

Artificial Neural Networks: The artificial neural networks (ANN) technique is based on the human brain’s wiring and behavior, in which patterns are detected in data inputs.

ANN (artificial neural networks) processes big data to identify patterns and map them to make decisions that mimic the human brain. It imitates human learning behavior by employing supervised learning, unsupervised learning, pattern recognition, reinforced learning, machine learning, and deep learning.

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Different Levels Of AI Systems

Artificial Intelligence is made up of three distinct levels:

  • Artificial Narrow Intelligence
  • Artificial General Intelligence
  • Artificial Super-intelligence

Artificial Narrow Intelligence (ANI)

Artificial narrow intelligence is a type of weak AI system that specializes in particular goals. Also called narrow AI or minimal artificial intellect, and it’s designed for one thing: to accomplish a single duty.

These programs are considered intelligent, yet they operate with few limitations, which is why they’re called minimal AI. It does not try to replicate human intelligence; instead, it invokes human conduct based on specific criteria.

Narrow AI is a type of artificial intelligence that uses natural language processing to complete operations. AI technologies, such as chatbots and speech recognition systems like Google assistant and facial recognition, are examples. Deep learning allows you to personalize the user experience, such as virtual assistants that retain your data to improve your future experience.

Artificial General Intelligence (AGI)

Artificial general intelligence, sometimes called AGI, is a term used to describe machine-level artificial intelligence that can mimic human intellect while also demonstrating the capacity to apply their knowledge to solve difficulties.

AGI is also called strong AI or deep AI because it involves a form of artificial general intelligence. Examples are recognition, recall, hypothesis testing, and lots more.

Artificial Super Intelligence (ASI)

Superintelligence is still a speculative idea at the moment. People believe it may be developed in the future, but it does not exist in reality right now. Superintelligence may be characterized as the point at which a machine exceeds human capabilities and becomes self-aware.

This concept has inspired numerous films and science fiction novels in which robots with the ability to develop feelings and emotions might overcome humanity itself. Artificial superintelligence is a concept that people are yet unfamiliar with, its effects are unpredictable, and its influence can’t be quantified just yet.

How To Become An AI Engineer In Eight Easy Steps

It might be worthwhile to consider whether or not you wish to get deeply involved in AI research when deciding whether or not to become an artificial intelligence engineer. If so, mathematics, computer science, or data science degree followed by a master’s or Ph.D. in AI could be an excellent path.

Everyone’s career is quite different, but here is the step-by-step beginner guide to (AI) artificial intelligence that can put you on the right way to your career, so can you get started with artificial intelligence (AI) software development the right way:

Gain Necessary Education

The number one step in pursuing a career in artificial intelligence is to receive a relevant academic degree. A bachelor’s degree in computer science, data science, engineering, physics, mathematics, statistics, or another quantitative field is necessary.

Certifications in AI or data science may assist you in meeting educational requirements and acquiring technical expertise. A master’s degree may be necessary for some situations.

Narrow Your Focus To What You Want To Build

Clearly state your goals, and make sure your goals are clear and concise, such as “to develop algorithms that predict a person’s blood pressure.”

It’s only after you’ve outlined your goals that you’ll be able to break down your activities into smaller parts. Also, narrow your focus because artificial intelligence (AI) is a discouragingly broad term, and figure out which resources you’ll need.

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Put Your Knowledge To The Test By Solving A Simple Problem For A Start

You can start with modest neural networks and work your way up to more complex ones over time. Begin with simple problems. Experiment with various methods for harnessing algorithmic decision-making while attempting to solve it, and perform some basic research.

Finding the quickest solution to a specific problem is the first step to getting into AI. Build a simple machine learning algorithm and test it. Then, to improve your expertise, fine-tune your immediate solution—experiment with upgrading various parts and seeing how they impact the overall performance.

Get Started With Deep Learning: Learn About Artificial Neural Networks

As a beginner, you must have a strong desire to learn deep learning. However, if you want to learn more about this machine learning approach (deep understanding), you’ll need to understand the basics of artificial neural networks.

This is where online resources on deep learning may be more helpful. However, for testing your recently developed skills, the open-source framework to use is:

  • One of the most popular Python-based flavors is TensorFlow, which is powered by Google’s TensorFlow engine.
  • All Python-based frameworks, such as Theano, Scikit-learn, Keras, and
  • Deep-learning-4j, a Java framework
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Choose Your Programming Language

Think of programming language to learn to get started with artificial intelligence development. Programming language selection is not that essential. Choose a mainstream language (although you may still do artificial intelligence and machine learning with lesser-known programming languages, too). One that:

  • It offers you a large number of tools and high-quality libraries.
  • stands out in terms of performance
  • It could be C++, Java, Python, or Octave

Each programming language has its unique characteristics and limitations in terms of performance and library availability.

Develop A Powerful Computing Hardware Or Use A Cloud Based One

Expect a high degree of technical sophistication when it comes to using artificial intelligence machine learning. A powerful hardware system using the combination of high performing GPUs and CPUs is required if you are thinking:

There are a lot of different models to choose from; you’ll be testing numerous models before making your selection. More and more complex experiments in which AI is utilized are being conducted.

Here, you either develop a strong super machine or go with a cloud-based alternative solution. However, you can consider the following alternatives for cloud computing:

Cloud TPU is custom-built computer hardware designed to accelerate tensor operations more efficiently than a GPU or CPU.

Google CoLab: an immediate pre-activated Jupyter notebook environment that does not require configuration; you have fast access to the cloud-based GPU to execute your scripts.

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Familiarize With The Most Common Machine Learning Algorithms

Suppose you want to get into AI development. In that case, you’ll need to be comfortable with SVMs (support vector machines), RNNs (recurrent neural networks), deep learning, and some other decision trees and random forests.

Join A Kaggle Community And Share Your Code

Put your newly acquired skills into practice. Participate in a Kaggle competition to help you learn more about the problems that other AI developers are working on. Experiment with a variety of techniques and choose the one that works best.

Not only that you have the chance to put your AI software development skills to the test, but you also have the opportunity to share your knowledge with AI engineers.

You’d be a part of a large community, posting questions on an AI-focused discussion platform and sharing your revolutionary concepts as you learn artificial intelligence.

The greatest approach to learning is to share your knowledge. You can learn from others when you share your knowledge with them. You can share your expertise on GitHub or Kaggle community for professional AI developers to comment on making it better.

This will help you in learning and also in making your program more efficient and accurate. Thus, it will help you in achieving a good outcome from your computer-based system.

Eight Skills You’ll Need To Become An AI Engineer

The tasks performed by AI engineers are far beyond the scope of understanding for most people. In fairness, the idea of building and implementing machine learning algorithms sounds like something straight out of a sci-fi film. To be able to do so, the following are the skills every AI engineer must have:

1. Analytics

To be able to build deep-learning algorithms that detect patterns, a solid understanding of analytics is required. Being firm in your analytics will aid you in testing and configuring AI. 

2. Applied Mathematics

Applied mathematics is a must if you’re interested in artificial intelligence engineering since it’s at the heart of AI systems. A thorough grasp of gradient descent, quadratic programming, and other topics such as convex optimization is required.

3. Statistics and Algorithms

When using algorithms, having a solid grasp of statistics is necessary. AI developers must be familiar with standard deviation, probability, and models like Hidden Markov and Naive Bayes.

4. Programming Language Fluency

This should come as no surprise. To be a successful AI engineer or developer, you’ll need to be fluent in at least two programming languages. Python is the most popular language among AI engineers, but it frequently proves inadequate on its own. It’s essential to be extremely good in different languages, such as C, C++, and Java.

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5. Problem-Solving And Communication Skills

You’ll be tasked with thinking outside the box. If you’re ever in a bind, you’ll discover there are no set of rules or go-to instructions that can help you out.

Artificial intelligence often necessitates innovative usage of machine learning models and outside-the-box thinking. You’ll also need to communicate your ideas to your teammates who may not have the necessary understanding of the issue.

6. Neural Network Knowledge

The efficiency with neural networks is another necessary capability. A neural network is a kind of software that mimics a human brain and aids in pattern recognition, complex problem resolution, and image categorization, which is an essential part of AI systems.

AI developers frequently work with neural networks. Thus, extensive knowledge of the subject is required.

7. Team Management

You’ll most likely work alone, and however, some features allow you to communicate with humans instead of machines. As an AI engineer, you’ll need to convey your ideas to various engineers and developers in your team.

As a result, communication abilities and personnel management are helpful when attempting to work on a project. Thus, while you’re working on your math skills to prepare for a career, make sure you do it with others around you.

8. Cloud Knowledge

Having a clear idea of cloud architecture is one of the essential skills AI experts must-have. The difference between these systems and the cloud architecture is significant.

Not only will you need to manage storage capacity, but you’ll also have to decide which safe storage system is ideal for your project.

The Average AI Engineer Salary In 2021

The salary of an AI engineer is determined by experience, certification, and the location where they are employed, however in general, AI engineers get compensated well.

The average pay for AI engineers in the United States is $114,121 per year as of 2021, according to Glassdoor. But according to some other resources, the pay for AI engineers ranges from $240,625 to $248,000. This sounds like you’ll be able to get your desired house in Silicon Valley soon.

What Are The Best Free AI Courses Online?

Google’s Free AI Course

Google is a major player in artificial intelligence and machine learning, and they provide free machine learning training courses for free. This is the same training that all of their AI developers go through.

This course will be helpful to anybody interested in AI, whether you want to learn about it or do research. While the course does not provide a machine learning certification, this course is highly recommended for marketers.

Stanford’s Free AI Course

Dr. Andrew Ng is a prominent figure in artificial intelligence machine learning, having previously worked at Baidu and been an adjunct professor at Stanford. He’s also the co-founder of Coursera and one of AI’s most famous names.

He’s also one of a few instructors for the Coursera machine learning certification course taught at Stanford University. Coursera’s Machine Learning course is called “Machine Learning,” and it’s completely free.

This Coursera course does a fantastic job of explaining AI strategy and increasing students’ knowledge of how AI and machine learning systems operate.

Udacity’s Free AI Course

Peter Norvig and Sebastian Thrun, AI experts, gave a TED talk from a few years ago in which they discussed their success teaching an online AI course with over 100,000 students. They’ve also loaded it with yet another artificial intelligence course, where you can learn the fundamentals of AI and its growing applications in business.

It runs for four months and is entirely free, but it does count as credit towards their machine learning specialization program, which offers a machine learning certificate to those who wish to pursue them.

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The Future of Artificial Intelligence

People have always been interested in technological progress. Currently, the world is living in the most advanced period of AI development, and Artificial Intelligence has emerged as the most significant improvement in the technology industry.

This has not only influenced the future of every industry, but it has also driven the development of new technologies such as big data, robotics, and IoT (internet of things). At that rate of action, it’s very reasonable to anticipate AI’s continued growth in the future.

As a result, this shows that the future artificial intelligence is bright, and with the advancement of the AI system and its tools, there will be a greater need for well-versed experts in this field.

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This shows that the future artificial intelligence is bright, and with the advancement of the AI system and its tools, there will be a greater need for well-versed experts in this field.


The basic understanding of artificial intelligence (AI) and machine learning (ML) is essential in every industry and any profession. These days, you don’t have to go to university to learn this complex and fascinating technology.

Even if you lack any technical expertise, you may study AI systems at home and start using your skills in practice, creating essential machine learning solutions, and taking initial steps toward your new profession.

About the author: Joe Silk -

Joseph is a freelance writer who focuses on sharing our Startup Oasis team's abundant knowledge with the rest of the world. Our team has no secret for anything to do with Startups, SaaS software firms, technology, Web and mobile apps, IoT, UI/UX Design. View on Linkedin